This history seems far-removed from the environmental awareness that the town promotes today, including an international reputation as a post for observing the annual migration of whales along the east coast of Australia, as well as the establishment of an Indigenous Land Use Agreement, that was developed in conjunction with Byron Shire Council and which acknowledges the relationship of the Arakwal people to their land and helps gain more knowledge about Indigenous understandings and practices of the area.The arrival of hippies and surfers in the 1960s and 1970s changed the local population and encouraged an alternative approach to the town and the beauty of the town.
The original inhabitants of Byron Bay, the Arakwal people have been swimming and fishing from the beaches here for thousands of years. Dairy farmers cleared more land and settled the area.  The Byron Bay Triathlon is held on the second Saturday in May every year; 1,300 competitors from many countries enter this Olympic Distance event. Nimbin, in the hills west of Byron Bay celebrates a free-spirited and alternative existence and can trace these roots to 1973 Aquarius Festival. Humpback whales (megaptera novaeangliae) are among the world’s largest and most distinctive whales. A 3.4 km section of the Murwillumbah railway line is to be rehabilitated in 2016 for a two car self-propelled diesel train planned to run from the town centre to the Elements of Byron resort and nearby attractions.
Situated at the base of the Byron Bay lighthouse - in what was once the head lightkeepers office - the Cape Byron Lighthouse Maritime Museum gives visitors a unique historical insight into the lighthouse and town of Byron Bay. The decline of fishing in the 1950s was offset by the emergence of Byron Bay as a whaling port, though massive overfishing resulted in the virtual extinction of Australia and New Zealand’s humpback whale population by the mid-1960s; the population has since rebounded. Byron Bay is located just off the Pacific Highway, 800kms north of Sydney, 175kms south of Brisbane. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The lighthouse was first lit on 1 December 1901. It was declared a town in 1896 and a shire in 1906. Area and accessible via a 2.3-mile- (3.7-km-) loop walking track that passes through rainforest and along cliff tops. . Byron is a little place with a big reputation. After the trams stopped running both the cars went to a heritage tramway in Parramatta Park where 74B was destroyed by fire.  The introduction of paspalum improved production, and Byron Bay exported butter to the world. , The history of Europeans in Byron Bay began in 1770, when Lieutenant James Cook found a safe anchorage and named Cape Byron after a fellow sailor John Byron.. Book Now. Up to 20 mining leases set up on Tallow Beach to extract gold from the black sands around the 1870s. Byron Bay is now also a popular destination for Schoolies week during late November and early December. Byron Bay lighthouse for sunset.
The vibrant musical community has produced internationally renowned bands such as Blue King Brown, Parkway Drive and 50 Lions. Motive power was a Simplex petrol locomotive, locally known as the "Green Frog", and the passenger vehicles comprised former Newcastle B2 class steam tram trailer 74B and former Sydney C class electric tram C37. A number of open-air markets are regularly staged in Byron Bay. Die Stadt hat in Australien einen alternativen Ruf, da viele Aussteiger und Künstler sich hier niedergelassen haben. Der Byron Beach wurde vom Magazin Forbes zum sexiesten Beach der Welt gekürt.  Timber getting became insignificant after World War I and many former timber workers became farmers. The service opened in December 2017, and uses an ex-NSWGR railmotor, converted to run exclusively on solar power using panels on top of the train and at the stations.. The opening included a banquet for dignitaries including the New South Wales Premier, John See, but due to adverse weather conditions his ship was delayed until the following day and the banquet was held without him.
Prominent among several festivals held annually in or near town is the Byron Bay Bluesfest, which began in 1990. It is located 772 kilometres (480 mi) north of Sydney and 165 kilometres (103 mi) south of Brisbane.
A number of well-known sporting teams represent the local area. Byron Bay was founded in 1860 as a timber port. From 1950 to 1961 Byron Bay’s Zircon Rutile Limited (ZRL) was the world’s largest producer of rutile and zircon. An even better idea is to check out the lighthouse moonrise, this is a spectacular scene! Kieren Perrow, professional surfer and first WSL commissioner. The 2008/2009 ABC drama series East of Everything, written by Deb Cox and Roger Monk, is set in the fictional town of Broken Bay which is based on a somewhat more run-down version of Byron Bay and its surrounds, with much of the filming taking place in and around Byron Bay including obviously recognisable landmarks such as the lighthouse and local beaches. The town is a resort popular with both domestic and international tourists, not the least backpackers. Today, Byron Bay is one of the most up-market residential areas on the Australian east coast with the growth in multi-million dollar mansions now pushing the median value of house sales up beyond AU$1.5 million in 2017, over a 100% increase since 2013, based on 2018 data from realestate.com.au. The original inhabitants of Byron Bay, the Arakwal people have been swimming and fishing from the beaches here for thousands of years. The name humpback describes the way they arch their back just before they dive. Byron Bay also lies close to subtropical rainforests, and areas such as the Nightcap National Park with the Minyon Falls are all within easy reach of the town. 1. Other clubs include Byron Bay Golf Club, Byron Bay Cricket Club, Byron Bay Rugby Union Club, Byron Bay Gliding Club, and the Byron Bay Bowling Club.
Die Stadt liegt an der Küste von New South Wales rund 770 km von Sydney und nur 170 km von Brisbane entfernt. Byron Bay is known as an epicenter of Australia’s counter-culture, a coastal idyll cradled by an ancient caldera, where hippies live alongside surfers and locals stopped McDonald’s from setting up its golden arches.
Commercial fishing was locally important until 1954, when a powerful cyclone decimated Byron Bay’s jetty and most of the local fishing fleet. Book Now. Byron Bay was founded in 1860 as a timber port. Before coastal shipping declined, Byron Bay was the principal port between Newcastle (about 390 miles [630 km] south) and Brisbane (90 miles [140 km] north-northwest). Omissions? The volcano formed as a result of the Indo-Australian Plate moving over the East Australia hotspot..
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.6% of the population. In the 21st century the local production of bananas and avocados remained significant, along with that of flowers, coffee, and macadamia nuts. Classic.
An earlier local train service, known as the Byron Bay Tram conveyed passengers from about 1928 until about 1954 between the railway station and the "new jetty" where connections were made with passenger carrying ships of the North Coast Steam Navigation Company.  In 1982 Byron Bay joined Lismore & District Soccer Association competitions.  At the 2016 census, the town had a permanent population of 9,246. In 1895, the Norco Co-operative was formed to provide cold storage and manage the dairy industry. The first industry in Byron was cedar logging from the Australian red cedar (Toona ciliata). About 2 miles (3.2 km) east and southeast of Byron Bay, along the coast, is Arakwal National Park, which is jointly managed by the Bundjalung people of Byron Bay (Arakwal) and the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service under the terms of a landmark indigenous land use agreement.
Byron Bay FC has won 14 top grade honours in Football Far North Coast competitions including 4 ANZAC Cups (2003, 2004, 2007 and 2017), 5 premierships (2006, 2014, 2015, 2017 and 2019) and 5 Cyril Mayo Cups for winning the grand final (2005, 2006, 2013, 2017 and 2018). Later it hauled whales from the jetty to the rendering down works, livestock to the meat works, mineral sands and meat wagons to the station for onward movement and regularly shunted Norco and other railway sidings and between these duties ran the passenger tramway until the coastal passenger shipping service stopped. 76.3% of people spoke only English at home. This page was last modified on 21 October 2020, at 21:17. ", NSW Heritage office: With a permanent population of around 10,000, the town attracts over two million visitors each year. Gold mining of the beaches was the next industry to occur.
The poet Brunton Stephens spoke of cattle grazing on the "mossy plains" of Cape Byron in a poem he penned in 1876.
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