Rock composition arrangement for Lyrics & Chords. It has a maximum length of 350 statute miles (560 km; 300 nmi) and maximum breadth of 160 statute miles (257 km; 139 nmi). , Lake Superior has fewer dissolved nutrients relative to its water volume than the other Great Lakes and so is less productive in terms of fish populations and is an oligotrophic lake.  The lake lies in this long-extinct Mesoproterozoic rift valley, the Midcontinent Rift. , Largest of the Great Lakes of North America, International Lake Superior Board of Control, Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park, Great Storms of the North American Great Lakes, List of shipwrecks of western Lake Superior, Great Recycling and Northern Development Canal, "Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) v.1", "Tunnel Valleys, Glacial Surges, and Subglacial Hydrology of the Superior Lobe, Minnesota", "Great Lakes: Basic Information: Physical Facts", Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, "Superior Pursuit: Facts About the Greatest Great Lake", "Global Warming Is Shrinking the Great Lakes", "Lake Superior Warming Faster than Surrounding Climate", "Extensive Great Lakes Ice Coverage to Limit Severe Weather, Pose Challenges to Shipping Industry", "After Achieving 95 Percent Coverage, Lake Superior's Ice Breaking Up", "NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-29: Evaporation from Lake Superior", Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, "Ontario Amethyst: Ontario's Mineral Emblem", "Century-Old Shipwreck Discovered: Ore Carrier Went Down in Lake Superior on Its Second Voyage", "Increasing Stoichiometric Imbalance in North America's Largest Lake: Nitrification in Lake Superior", "Great Lakes Sensitivity to Climatic Forcing: Hydrological Models", "Rockin' the Rift, The Billion-Year-Old Split that Made Us", Lake Superior NOAA nautical chart #14961 online, Parks Canada - Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area, Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_Superior&oldid=984893157, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2020, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without alt bathymetry, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1,729 mi (2,783 km) plus 997 mi (1,605 km) for islands, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 18:49.
Lake Superior's size reduces the severity of the seasons of its humid continental climate (more typically seen in locations like Nova Scotia). The retreat left gravel, sand, clay and boulder deposits. Education & Learning You 'n me gonna make it through This hard diabase protects the layers of sedimentary rock below, forming the flat-topped mesas in the Thunder Bay area. Overfishing has also been a factor in the decline of fish populations. And ain't it a nice place to be In the most recent geological history, during the Wisconsin glaciation 10,000 years ago, ice covered the region at a thickness of 1.25 miles (2 km). Because of its volume, Lake Superior has a retention time of 191 years. They are believed to be the direct ancestors of the Ojibwe and Cree.. According to other sources, the full Ojibwe name is Ojibwe Gichigami ("Ojibwe's Great Sea") or Anishinaabe Gichigami ("Anishinaabe's Great Sea").  Its average depth is 80.5 fathoms (483 ft; 147 m) with a maximum depth of 222.17 fathoms (1,333 ft; 406 m). The wreck was immortalized by Gordon Lightfoot in his ballad "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald".  Water levels recovered within a few days.
 Additionally, the entire first half of the year (January to June) included record low months.  The 1878 dictionary by Father Frederic Baraga, the first one written for the Ojibway language, gives the Ojibwe name as Otchipwe-kitchi-gami (a transcription of Ojibwe Gichigami). Gitchy goomy, gitchy gaddy, sit you laddie down while I have my say, Now don't be runnin' away. Kids & Family, Search Events The region surrounding the lake has proved to be rich in minerals, with copper, iron, silver, gold and nickel the most frequently mined. Storms that claimed multiple ships include the Mataafa Storm in 1905 and the Great Lakes Storm of 1913. History, Festivals & Fairs If trends continue, Lake Superior, which freezes over completely once every 20 years, could routinely be ice-free by 2040. above Lake Huron).
The land contours familiar today were carved by the advance and retreat of the ice sheet. Lake Superior has a surface area of 31,700 square miles (82,103 km2), which is approximately the size of South Carolina or Austria. In addition, many fish species have been either intentionally or accidentally introduced to Lake Superior: Atlantic salmon, brown trout, carp, chinook salmon, coho salmon, freshwater drum, pink salmon, rainbow smelt, rainbow trout, round goby, ruffe, sea lamprey and white perch. Water levels, including diversions of water from the Hudson Bay watershed, are regulated by the International Lake Superior Board of Control, which was established in 1914 by the International Joint Commission. more than 6 years ago, Education & Learning The lake's surface temperature rose by 4.5 °F (2.5 °C) from 1979 to 2006.. All rights reserved. Until approximately 1887, the natural hydraulic conveyance through the St. Marys River rapids determined the outflow from Lake Superior. Marie. Seen it one time, seen it two times Pitz.. Lava erupted from the rift and formed the black basalt rock of Michipicoten Island, Black Bay Peninsula, and St. Ignace Island. Gitchy Goomy Many people, thanks to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s “Hiawatha” poem (1855), have heard of Gitche Gumee, the shining Big-Sea-Water. They are known as the Plano, and they used stone-tipped spears to hunt caribou on the northwestern side of Lake Minong. By the mid-18th century, the Ojibwe occupied all of Lake Superior's shores.. It was during the Penokean orogeny, part of the process that created the Great Lakes Tectonic Zone, that many valuable metals were deposited. Download Neil Diamond Gitchy Goomy sheet music notes, chords. The Marquette Regional History Center presents: Archaeology Bingo Scavenger Hunt, The Marquette Regional History Center Presents: Third Street: Day and Night, a Video History with Jim Koski, Why Is the Big Lake Called ‘Gitche Gumee?’. The mountains steadily eroded, depositing layers of sediments that compacted and became limestone, dolomite, taconite and the shale at Kakabeka Falls. Gitchy Goomy, gitchy gaddy  These shipwrecks are now protected by the Whitefish Point Underwater Preserve. The rocks of Lake Superior's northern shore date back to the early history of the earth. Accidental introductions have occurred in part by the removal of natural barriers to navigation between the Great Lakes. Love is great, love is right
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