Another 1,500 prisoners left Kaufering the next day, proceeding at first on foot and later by train. The roof had been planned to be 5 metres (16 ft) thick, but that was pared down due to lack of materials. It is the capital of the district of Landsberg am Lech. Landsberg am Lech concentration camp was under the command of Kaufering camp, which in turn was an outpost of Dachau. , Most prisoners were forced to work building railway embankments and hauling bags of cement for the bunker-building projects, codenamed Weingut II, Diana II and Walnuss II.  There is a modest memorial at Kaufering III, while a student project to establish an information board was not maintained and fell into disrepair.  In 2014, the federal government gave 700,000 euros to the Europäische Holocaustgedenkstätte in Landsberg [de] (Landsberg Holocaust Memorial Association) and the city of Landsberg donated land with architectural remains.  American writer J. D. Salinger, the author of Catcher in the Rye, was one of the liberators of Kaufering IV. had been going on. During the war, it had been a Wehrmacht (German Army) compound and barracks, named Saarburg Kaserne. remain with me forever. Landsberg was also the site of the field headquarters of ORT (Association for the Promotion of Skilled Trades).  The evacuation was disorderly, and many prisoners succeeded in escaping during the roundups at the camp or later, when the columns were attacked by American aircraft. Shortly afterwards, Blancke committed suicide.
, Besides Kaufering VII, there are hardly any remnants of the Kaufering subcamps, whose locations were only definitively established due to Raim's work. An important part in the Landsberg extensive educational system, which covered all levels from pre-kindergarten to college, was played by the ORT schools. It is noted for its picturesque historic center. When he rose to power he turned the prison into a , About 30,000 prisoners passed through the Kaufering camps, including 4,200 women and 850 children. Nor does it include the victims of the death march. Commentators rate the episode as one of the best of the series. When the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry visited Landsberg in early 1946, it found no children between the ages of one and five living there. The Concentration Camp At Landsberg. The stench of the place was The Gauleiter of Munich, Paul Giesler, ordered Bertus Gerdes, administrator of Upper Bavaria, to prepare plans for the extermination of the surviving prisoners. On closer approach I , There are dozens of "KZ-Friedhöfe [de]" (mass graves) with the remains of thousands of people who died at Kaufering. Landsberg had the first non-elected camp committee for DPs, which included a police force and a Society for the Observance of the Sabbath. Instead Moll killed 120 or 150 Russian prisoners from Buchberg. Landsberg Landsberg, the second largest DP camp in the American Zone, was located in former military barracks near Munich.The camp was founded after liberation of the Landsberg concentration camp in April 1945. Only the former concentration camp Kaufering VII (southeast of the town of Landsberg, at Erpftinger street) still preserves some architectural and ground monuments. I They lie buried in mass graves near Kaufering and Landsberg. found that they were not skeletons, but the bodies of men and women who wedding rings that had been stripped from the fingers of their victims. The camp had a rich cultural life that included a theater, cinema, and a Hatzomir choir. The population, chiefly comprised of Russian, Latvian, and Lithuanian survivors, also gained great influence over other DP camps in the American zone. The historic old town centre of Landsberg, which lies between the river Lech and its easterly elevated bank. European Holocaust Memorial - Former Concentration Camp Kaufering VII, Â© Manfred Deiler, 2015 Landsberg am Lech.  According to American historian Daniel Blatman, about 4,300 of those victims died at Kaufering itself; additional victims were sent to Dachau after becoming unable to work, or were killed during the death marches. It was here he The Landsberg camp began as a Nazi concentration camp. The site of Kaufering VII was purchased after a Jewish survivor donated the money on the condition that a memorial be erected, which has not been accomplished.  Only grave markers remain at Kaufering II and VI.
In an unparalleled six-year period between 1945 and 1951, European Jewish life was reborn in camps such as Landsberg. Previously, Nazi Germany had deported all Jews from the Reich, but having exhausted other sources of labor, Jews were deported to Kaufering to create three massive underground bunkers, Weingut II, Diana II, and Walnuss II, which would not be vulnerable to the Allied bombing which had devastated German aircraft factories.  Large parts of the book are purportedly set in Auschwitz, where Frankl spent only three days, but actually depict his experience at Kaufering.  This dwarfed the population of the surrounding area; only 10,000 people lived in the Landsberg area. The first commandant, Heinrich Forster, had previously worked at Sachsenhausen, Dachau, and Kovno concentration camps. , The bunkers were to be used for producing different components of the Messerschmitt Me 262A aircraft, the first operational jet aircraft, which the Germans hoped would turn the tide of war against the Allies. However, the construction of Diana II and Walnuss II was not finished due to the lack of concrete and steel. Gringauz also served as founding editor of the Landsberger Cajtung. The American soldiers, who had previously fought from a parachute landing on D-Day through France and Germany, have become disillusioned, but confronting the horrors of the Nazi regime reminds them why they are fighting the war. Following World War II it was the location for one of the largest Displaced Person (DP) camps for Jewish refugees and the place of execution for more than 150 war criminals after 1945..  Aumeier was extradited to Poland, where he was convicted and executed. From October 1945 Landsberg functioned as an exclusively Jewish Camp. Nearby Germans said that they did not know what  In December 1944, an OT staff member observed that of 17,600 prisoners, only 8,319 were capable of work, including those only capable of light work. After the liberation of the camp it became a displaced person (DP) camp, primarily for Jewish refugees from the Soviet Union and the Baltic states. In June 1944, the concentration camp complex Kaufering was built in the area of Landsberg am Lech, consisting of eleven outposts of the Dachau concentration camp. Landsberg am Lech developed where a major historic salt road crossed over the Lech. Many of the grave markers are overgrown and difficult to find. The Landsberg am Lech concentration camp was located in the German state of Bavaria and became well known because Hitler was imprisoned there after his failed coup. On many of the beds were By October 1944, there were more than 5,000 prisoners in the camp.  Weingut II was 400 metres (1,300 ft) long and 28.4 metres (93 ft) high (more than five stories), with a concrete roof 3 metres (9.8 ft) thick. Many could not or would not return to their former homelands, and options for legal immigration were limited. arriving, the keepers of the prison set the building afire with the Also belonging to Landsberg are the hamlets of Sandau and Pössing as well as the former independent boroughs of Ellighofen, Erpfting (with Friedheim, Geratshof and Mittelstetten), Pitzling (with Pöring) and Reisch (with Thalhofen). Find what to do today, this weekend, or in October.  The area around Landsberg am Lech in Bavaria, where the Kaufering subcamps were established, was selected for this project due to its favorable geology; there was a layer of gravel up to 10 metres (33 ft) thick, and the water table was below 13 metres (43 ft). The town comprises three main areas. . Landsberg am Lech has a prominent plaque in the center of town commemorating the German soldiers who died in both World Wars, but no memorial to the Holocaust victims.  These Jews had already survived countless "Aktions" in which victims were taken away to be murdered, and three years of forced labor, as well as long transports in cattle cars. They also run a radio station. TTY: 202.488.0406, (Landsberg Camp Newspaper) developed a reputation as one of the best newspapers in the American zone. Other Kaufering prisoners had survived four years in the Łódź Ghetto and a selection at Auschwitz. work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Library bibliography: Displaced Persons, Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center. The following are listed in the Bavarian List of Monuments, as. The Kaufering complex was under the administration of the Dachau concentration camp.
It was at this camp that Hitler had been confined after the failure of his Putsch in 1923. Jahrhundert are working on the commemoration this part of history and established based on donations the European Holocaust Memorial on the former concentration camp Kaufering VII.. In addition, three individuals stood trial individually in German courts for their actions at Kaufering, two of them former prisoner-functionaries at the camp. On multiple occasions, the prisoners were attacked by Allied aircraft. Most of the sites were not preserved and have been repurposed for other uses.
Kaufering was the largest of the Dachau subcamps and also the one with the worst conditions; about half of the 30,000 prisoners died from hunger, disease, executions, or during the death marches. However, they had exhausted other sources of forced labor, so Jews were deported to the Reich to work on the new project. Ingenuity and determination combined to produce in time some of the tools and instruments needed for the class’, Landsberg DP camp was closed in October 1950,  World ORT Archives d05a092: ORT Economic Review (March 1947) p.12,  World ORT Archives d05a092: ORT Economic Review (March 1947) pp.17-18.
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