Plants glabrous or hairy but not densely woolly; stipules, blades, and floral bracts with obvious gland-tipped bristles or hairs; leaf blades moderately to deeply 3(–5)-lobed Leaf blades shallowly 3-lobed; young stems terete; Florida. Leaf blades shallowly 3-lobed; young stems terete; Florida. Fruits baccate [capsular or capsulelike berries]. View gallery. Leaves not pungent, glabrous or subglabrous to short-hairy, not soft-hairy; stipules linear-subulate, 2–5 × 0.5–1 mm, eglandular; petiole glandular, glands cuplike; blade roughly symmetric, 2–7 × 2.5–16 cm, as wide as to usually wider than long, 3–9-lobed, primary lobes 3 and often further lobed, …
7 (6) Bot. Ulmer, T. and J. M. MacDougal. 3 Passiflora sexflora
18 Passiflora incarnata
Fruits bright red to crimson; leaves not or weakly pungent, glabrous or hairy, blade 3–10(–12) × 3–8(–10) cm; Florida, Texas. Leaf blades with abaxial nectaries; floral bracts 1–3 mm; sepals 10–16 mm, outer corona filaments apically clavate; c Texas. 16 This native vine has small green flowers with odd wing-like leaves.
The flora area includes species of only the two largest subgenera: Passiflora, with relatively large flowers and fruits and a predominant chromosome number of n = 9, and Decaloba, with relatively small flowers and fruits and a predominant chromosome number of n = 6. Leaf blades glabrous or subglabrous to short-hairy, not soft-hairy, primary 3 lobes often lobed, abaxial nectaries present or absent; petioles with cuplike glands; Texas. (8) Passion Flowers, ed. The larvae sequester and metabolize plant toxins for their own defense against predation, even into adulthood, which has resulted in complicated Batesian and Muellerian mimicry networks of Heliconiinae species. Leaf blades strongly asymmetric and 2- or 3-lobed, with 1 of the 2 primary lateral lobes greatly reduced or absent gossypiifolia, P. incarnata, P. lutea, P. mexicana, and P. tenuiloba). The ovary and stamens are held atop … About This Plant. 2004. 2013. (13) Stems glabrous; abaxial leaf nectaries in lines rarely extending to leaf lobes, at least on flowering stems; fine leaf veins weakly to moderately raised abaxially; corona filaments terete, red, becoming purple; Arizona. Passiflora species have been arranged under a variety of infrageneric systems, with the 22 subgeneric system by E. P. Killip (1938) the most commonly used until recently. Texas, New Mexico and Mexico. Flowers bisexual or sometimes functionally unisexual [staminate]; hypanthium flattened to cuplike or tubular; sepals sometimes with subapical setose to leaflike projection; stamens 5 , usually alternate with petals, borne on short to elongate androgynophore; anthers dorsifixed, versatile; ovary 3[–5]-carpellate, borne at tip of androgynophore. P. warmingii). In our flora, P. arida, P. caerulea, and P. tarminiana are well-established escapes that are also popular in horticulture. Phylogenetic relationships and chromosome number evolution in Passiflora. Fifteenth-century Spanish explorers were the first Europeans to encounter Passiflora. Related Links. Currently, any minimally “naturalized” species or hybrids listed above that might be encountered are in California or Florida, specifically P. ×belotii, P. edulis, and P. ‘Incense’, P. miniata, and P. mixta. J. C. Estill and M. B. Cruzan (2001) mentioned that P. morifolia is endemic to South Carolina, whereas it is actually native only to Central and South America. E. P. Killip (1938) and W. C. Martin and C. R. Hutchins (1980) incorrectly indicated that Passiflora tenuiloba is native to New Mexico. Fine veins on abaxial leaf surface not raised, leaf blade 1–3(–5) cm, middle lobe usually to 1/4 blade length; southernmost Texas. + This native vine has small green flowers with odd wing-like leaves.
Stems terete to angled; tendrils simple [branched].
2 (1) A new infrageneric classification of Passiflora L. (Passifloraceae). + Sign up to receive special offers, expert advice and tips to transform your yard into a landscape showplace! 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Food. Leaf blades unlobed to rarely obscurely 3–5-lobed, margins entire; stipules linear-setaceous, 0.5 mm wide; petals 4–5 mm, floral tube absent. Sun or shade. 1850. Primary leaf lobes 3+, or 0, not appearing 2-lobed, middle primary lobe ± as long as or longer than lateral 2 primary lobes, blade usually symmetric Leaves soft-hairy abaxially Stipules pectinate, with usually prominent gland-tipped hairs or bristles; leaves often pungent; floral bracts pinnatifid, often with glandular bristles or hairs, Stipules not pectinate, glabrous or hairy but without gland-tipped bristles or hairs; leaves usually not pungent; floral bracts absent, or present and not pinnatifid but with margins entire or serrate, dentate, or erose, eglandular to sessile-glandular. Sun or shade. They vary considerably in texture, color, indument, lobe length and number, and petiole-gland size and shape, not only between populations but also within individual plants. 8 (7) Primarily outcrossers, Passiflora flowers attract pollinators by fragrance, showiness, or nectar secreted within the hypanthium. Passiflora species are pollinated principally by insects (generally flying Hymenoptera), which seem to prefer scented species. (6) ; Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas). Passiflora tenuiloba Engelm. 1 Bark with corky ridges or wings; leaf blades as long as to usually longer than wide, unlobed or 3-lobed, lobes rounded to acute, abaxial nectaries absent, petiole glands clavate; Florida, Texas. 1975).
Species long-persisting in old plantings, “naturalizing” merely by root-suckering, or historical adventives that are long-absent or poorly documented, are not formally covered in this treatment, for example, P. ×belotii Pepin (P. alata Curtis × P. caerulea; R. P. Wunderlin and B. F. Hansen 2003), P. edulis (Wunderlin and Hansen), P. gracilis (E. P. Killip 1938), P. ‘Incense’ (P. incarnata × P. cincinnata), P. manicata (C. F. Smith 1976), P. miniata (Wunderlin and Hansen, identified as P. coccinea), P. mixta Linnaeus, and P. morifolia Masters (Killip; A. E. Radford et al. Leaf blades 3(–5)-lobed, margins serrate; sepals 20–30 mm, petals 25–35 mm; fruits 30–60 mm, green to pale yellow; bark not corky. Passiflora fruits are generally adapted to animal consumption for seed dispersal. Leaf blades without abaxial nectaries; floral bracts absent; sepals 6–10 mm, outer corona filaments not apically clavate; s Texas or widespread.
Sun … Fruits green to yellow-green; leaves pungent, densely hairy, blade 3–5(–8) × 2.5–5.5(–7) cm; Texas.
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