With the defeat of both wings of Royalist cavalry, Cromwell joined forces with the Earl of Manchester and the Eastern Association foot to begin systematically overruning the remaining Royalist infantry in the centre. Discouraged by the hostility of his colleagues, Rupert decided that there would be no battle until the following day. All the Royalist ordnance, gunpowder and baggage were captured, along with 100 regimental colours. Facing Cromwell on the Royalist right wing were 2,500 horse interspersed with 500 musketeers under the command of Lord Byron. In the first line, soldiers from the three Allied armies were interspersed, with Major-General Lawrence Crawford commanding the English and Major-General William Baillie commanding the Scots. They were supported by a third line of around 1,000 Scottish horse, commanded by Major-General David Leslie. As with the Battle of Naseby, the defeat inflicted on the Royalists at Marston Moor was a heavy blow and any power that they might have had in the north was ended. After the battle of Marston Moor he commanded the Northern Horse.
Refusing to surrender, they resisted repeated charges by the Ironsides until no more than 30 were left alive. Goring's troops, disorganised and outnumbered, were scattered by a single charge and driven from the field. http://bcw-project.org/military/english-civil-war/northern-england/battle-of-marston-moor The return of the Earl of Manchester also helped to stabilise the position.
Supported by Newcastle, Eythin protested that it was too late in the day when Rupert suggested that they should take the initiative and begin operations. The second major battle of the English Civil War was the Battle of Marston Moor fought in 1644. The Allies occupied cornfields on the low northern slopes of Marston Hill between the villages of Long Marston and Tockwith. Newcastle was reluctant to give battle immediately, arguing that Royalist reinforcements were on their way to York and also that he had received intelligence suggesting that the Allies were likely to divide their forces. The last stand of the Whitecoats is one of the most famous episodes of the civil war. The Royalist left wing of around 2,100 horse and 500 musketeers was under the overall command of Lieutenant-General George Goring.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License This is the order of battle of the armies which fought on 2 July 1644 at the Battle of Marston Moor. Rupert was angry that the delay had thrown away the opportunity to attack while the Allies were still in disarray; Lord Eythin was openly critical of Rupert's battle plan and the deployment of the Royalist army. Marston Moor battle facts At the Battle of Marston Moor, Parliament and its allies lost 300 men while the Royalists suffered around 4,000 dead and 1,500 captured. Colonel Francis Carnaby commanded a regiment on the extreme left to guard the flank. In the early hours of 2 July, the Allies began to withdraw from Marston Moor towards Tadcaster in order to cut off the route south.
Major-General Leslie brought up the Scottish reserve to support the Ironsides with a flank attack that tipped the balance in favour of the Allies and resulted in the routing of the Royalist cavalry on the right wing.
The bulk of the Royalist foot occupied the centre, probably around 10,000 in number. Three Scottish regiments under Lord Eglinton formed a third or reserve line. When Prince Rupert arrived to raise the siege of York on 1 July, he intended to join forces with the infantry of the York garrison and to strike immediately at the Allied army.
Sir Thomas Fairfax found himself surrounded by the enemy and tore off his field sign to avoid recognition before fighting his way across the battlefield with a few steadfast troopers to join Cromwell on the opposite flank.
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